In London, the success of the Hereford shows and the Herefordshire Pomona had not gone un-noticed. On a national scale, the Royal Horticultural Society was addressing a need to professionalise UK apple growing in the face of a farming crisis and imports of high-quality American apples. As in Herefordshire, this required a clearer understanding of the best apple varieties. Taking advantage of a bumper apple crop in 1883, the Royal Horticultural Society organised its own apple display at very short notice. The National Apple Congress in Chiswick Gardens was an astounding success, 236 exhibitors, particularly from country estates, provided an unparalleled 10,150 dishes of apples. Checking these apples identified many synonyms for the same fruit – a total of 1,545 varieties were listed which were classified by purpose, ripening season, size, shape, surface texture and colour.